Fryderyk Chopin, the most significant Polish composer, visited Mariánské Lázně in 1836. He did not arrive to admire the local nature or taste the mineral springs. The reason for his long journey from Paris, to where he had emigrated, was the young Marie Wodziňska, who was his huge love.
In Mariánské Lázně, he played the piano for a small spa society and he amused his friends with numerous tales about life in Paris. Shy Marie made portraits of the famous composer, and despite the fact that they felt affection for each other, they never let it show. Chopin was very sheepish regarding women and as a result his love remained unfulfilled. The young composer was rejected by the family as a nice but poor young man, and in the end Marie married a rich businessman.
The stay in Mariánské Lázně did not benefit Chopin’s health. Exhausted by travelling and his life in Paris, he arrived in Mariánské Lázně during a rainy and cold period. He never recovered from his exhaustion and illnesses after returning to Paris. He died in 1849 from tuberculosis before the age of 40. After his death, the letters to Marie Wodziňska were found in his flat. The letters were wrapped in a small packet, on which Chopin had written: Moja bieda (My misery).