Nikolai Vasilievich Gogol
An author of a famous inspector, Russian writer Nikolai Vasilievich Gogol arrived at Mariánské Lázně in July 1839 at the invitation of his friend Michail Petrovič Pogodin, a Russian journalist and writer.
Gogol had left Italy, where he spent most of his time, because he suffered from intestinal problems. He was not keen on going to Mariánské Lázně. He imagined the spa town as a dirty and smelly place. After his arrival, he was happily surprised by the local nature. He preferred walks in the forest to the spa-going society.
After the departure of Pogodin, with whom he spent most of his time, Gogol started to think about his work, which was very stimulating – he obtained the material for the characters in 'Dead Souls', he wrote the short story ‘Cloak’ and a drama called ‘Shaved Beard’.
In 1952, the town theatre in Mariánské Lázně was named after this significant Russian writer and playwright.
Not only Gogol stayed in Mariánské Lázně. Many other Russian writers were cured here. Some of the most significant were Alexander Ivanovitsch Turgenev, Ivan Alexandrovich Goncharov, who wrote part of his famous novel 'Oblomov' here, and Maxim Gorky.