The town of Mariánské Lázně is located in a region extremely rich in natural medicinal sources. Around 100 springs in a small area can be found. The curative effects of these mineral springs were investigated by monks from the nearby monastery in Teplá. As early as in 1528, the monks presented the first written report on the local springs.
However, for a long time the springs were inaccessible, surrounded by swamps and deep forests. Doctor Josef Jan Nehr was responsible for the origin of the development of the spa there. He advocated the use of the springs for medical purposes in the 18th century. His efforts met with success, and in 1818 Mariánské Lázně was declared a public spa location. It soon became a very popular and much sought-after place.
The amount of water prescribed for a drinking cure is usually 1.5 - 2 litres per day. The mineral springs are also used for inhalations and mineral baths.
The name Cross Spring is derived from a wooden cross placed put near the spring.
This spring is one of the oldest and most used. Regarding its therapeutic effects, it is primarily used in the treatment of diseases of the digestive tract (illnesses of the stomach, intestines, gall bladder, liver and pancreas), for metabolic disorders (obesity, gout, diabetes mellitus) and allergies related to digestion disorders. The sulphate content in the water produces a laxative effect.
This spring is sulphate-bicarbonate-natrium ferruginous acid water with a higher amount of meta-siliceous acid. It used to be called Glauber’s or salinic. The presence of sulphates in the water has a laxative effect, especially after drinking more than ¾ l per day.
Ferdinand Spring is situated in the centre of Úšovice, and belongs to the same category of springs as Cross Spring, even though it has more minerals.
Ferdinand Spring consists of seven external springs, of which Ferdinand I is accessible for drinking cures. Its composition corresponds with that of Cross Spring, but the mineral content is somewhat higher. A large amount of water from Ferdinand Spring is bottled and marketed as table water under the brand name Excelsior.
Rudolph Spring lies 350 m southeast of the Ferdinand Spring colonnade, and received its name from the crown prince and heir to the throne of Franz Joseph I of Austria, Rudolph.
Due to its diuretic effect, it is used to treat diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract. A characteristic of the spring water is the high content of calcium (the calcium to magnesium ratio is 5:4). Therefore, a drinking cure is recommended as a supplementary therapy regime in the treatment of osteoporosis. Its distinctive anti-inflammatory effects make it conducive to treating urethritis.
Forest Spring exists in the northern part of the town, and its composition is greatly different to other springs.
This spring water is used for drinking cures and inhalation. It is used to cure diseases of the upper respiratory tract and the gastro-intestinal tract. It is also suitable for curing certain urological diseases, such as uric-acid stones, since the water strongly alkalises the acid.
Ambrose Spring was named after an abbot at the Teplá monastery - Ambrose.
Ambrose Spring consists of three external springs, all of a similar chemical composition. The waters are ferrous acidulous and have a low mineral content. Due to their high iron content, they are used to cure certain forms of anaemia, and their diuretic effects make them useful in treating certain urinary tract diseases, particularly lithiasis. Ambrose Spring arises near the Hotel Centrální Lázně.
Caroline Spring was originally called ‘New’, and people used to drink its waters directly from the source.
After reconstruction of the water pipes, this spring was re-sourced at the Rudolph’s Spring colonnade. Due to its higher content of magnesium (the calcium to magnesium ratio is 2:5), water from Caroline Spring is used to treat urological diseases and kidney stones, since the magnesium contained in the water prevents their formation.